The french garlic varieties

Criteria for rating the garlic varieties befor inscription in the Official French Catalogue

The characteristics listed in the description sheet are those registered by the GEVES for plant varieties in the Official French Catalogue.

Plant characteristics are based on 34 criteria rated on a scale of 1 to 9. Criteria are evaluated based on reference varieties in field trials carried out in different geographical areas. First and second propagation cycles are studied.

Details of these criteria may be checked in the following groups:

Click on underlined criteria in the table below for more information.

FOLIAGE

Density, colour, glaucescent leaves with cuticle wax.

DENSITYExampleRating
LooseRamses3
MediumPrintanor5
DenseGermidour7
ATTITUDE
ErectJolimont1
Erect to semi-erectPrintanor2
Semi-erectJardinor3
GREEN COLOUR
Light-3
MediumMessidrome5
DarkGermidour7
WAXINESS
Absent or very weak-1
WeakSprint3
MediumMessidrome5
StrongGermidour, Moratop7
Very strongGayant, Printanor9
LEAF LENGTH
ShortJardinor3
MediumMoraluz, Morasur5
LongSultop7
LEAF WIDTH
NarrowRamses3
MediumPrintanor5
BroadGermidour7
SHAPE IN CROSS SECTION
Strongly concave-1
Slightly concaveRamses2
FlatGermidour3

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PSEUDOSTEM

Criteria for the pseudostem include intensity of anthocyanin pigmentation at the base, base width, and presence/lack of a flower scape.

INTENSITY OF ANTHOCYANIN COLORATIONExampleRating
Absent or very weakPrintanor1
WeakMessidrome3
Medium-5
StrongGermidour7
Very strong-9
WIDTH OF THE BASE
NarrowRamses3
MediumPrintanor5
BroadGermidour7
FLOWERING STEM
AbsentGermidour1
PresentRose de Lautrec9

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FLOWERING STEM

The stalk is characterized by its curved shape, its length, and the presence/lack of Bulblets.

CURVED SHAPEExampleRating
AbsentMorasol, Sultop1
PresentIbérose9
LENGTH
ShortRose de Lautrec3
MediumMorasol5
LongSultop7
BULBLETS
AbsentRose de Lautrec1
PresentGermidour9

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BULB

The bulb is characterized by its size, its shape as observed in transverse and longitudinal sections, the position of cloves in the upper half of the bulb, the position of the root plate, base shape, firmness of cloves, predominant colour of the dry external tunic, anthocyanin pigment stripes on the inside of the external tunic, thickness of dry external tunic, number and distribution of cloves, presence/ lack of external cloves.

SIZEExampleRating
SmallFructidor3
MediumPrintanor5
LargeMessidrome7
SHAPE IN LONGITUDINAL SECTION
Transverse narrow ellipticSprint1
Transverse broad ellipticGermidour2
CircularDe Roumanie3
SHAPE IN CROSS SECTION
ElliptiqueFructidor1
CircularSprint2
CLOVES POSITION AT BULB TOP
InséréeSprint1
Au même niveauCorail2
ExtérieureGermidour3
POSITION OF ROOT DISC
DepressedGermidour1
FlatRose de Lautrec2
Raised-3
SHAPE OF BASE
DepressedGermidour, Ramses1
FlatPrintanor2
RaisedDe Roumanie3
COMPACTNESS OF CLOVES
LooseSprint1
MediumGermidour2
CompactPrintanor3
COLOR OF SCALE
WhitePrintanor, Ramses1
Yellowish whiteVigor max, Vigor suprême2
Reddish whiteGermidour3
ANTHOCYANIN STRIPES
AbsentPrintanor, Ramses1
PresentGermidour, Sprint9
THICKNESS OF THE DRY TUNICS
ThinRamses3
MediumMorasur5
ThickJolimont7
STICKINESS OF THE DRY EXTERNAL TUNICS
WeakSprint3
MediumMessidrome5
StrongPrintanor, Gayant7
NUMBER OF CLOVES
FewMondor1
MediumPrintanor2
ManyRamses3
DISTRIBUTION OF CLOVES
RadialRose de Lautrec1
Non-radialBlanc de Beaumont, Messidrome, Rougeâtre de Vendée2
EXTERNAL CLOVES
AbsentSprint, Sultop1
PresentBlanc de Beaumont, Morasol9

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CLOVES

Cloves are characterized by their size, tunic colour, tunic colour intensity, tunic anthocyanin pigment stripes, pulp colour.

SIZEExampleRating
SmallRose de Lautrec3
MediumPrintanor5
LargeGermidour7
COLOR OF SCALE
WhiteRamses1
CreamMessidrome2
PinkPrintanor3
PurpleMorasol, Sprint4
BrownCorail5
INTENSITY OF COLOR OF SCALE
WeakPrintanor3
MediumIbérose, Sultop5
StrongMorasol, Morasur, Moratop7
ANTHOCYANIN STRIPES
AbsentRamses1
PresentMorasur9
COLOR OF FLESH
WhitePrintanor1
Yellowish/td>Germidour2

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TIME OF HARVEST MATURITY

EARLYNESSExampleRating
Very earlyRamsès1
EarlySprint3
MediumGermidour, Messidrome5
LatePrintanor7
Very lateGayant9

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END OF DORMANCY OF CLOVES

EARLYNESSExampleRating
Very earlyRamsès1
EarlySprint3
MediumRose de Lautrec5
LateFructidor7
Very lateGayant9

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