Inspection and certification

The monitoring process -- step-by-step

Phytosanitary monitoring

In order to obtain the best quality garlic plants, professionals have implemented a strict production scheme. The first three generations are systematically propagated under insect-proof tunnels, safe from any risk of exterior contamination.

Inspections and tests are carried out at every stage of the propagation process and results are documented: admittance procedure for inspections, statutory declaration, monitoring and inspection of crops, monitoring of the phytosanitary status of harvested crops and certification. These tests and inspections are carried out under the supervision of the Official Inspection and Certification Body (SOC), as part of the regulatory and mandatory traceability requirements for French certified garlic plants.

1. Admittance procedure

Admittance procedure: technical check of company competences and specific equipment for plant production.


2. Strict requirements

Statutory declaration to the Official Inspection and Certification Body (SOC)

déclaration de culture de plants

Click on the statutory declaration form to enlarge

Analytical tests must be carried out if it cannot be confirmed with certainty that the soil is free of nematodes.
The statutory declaration form must be filled in with the information regarding the certified plants: name of producer farm and producer, plant characteristics, mother plant, etc… This information is used to check whether the plot presented for inspection has effectively been planted with certified mother plants.


Isolation

• Pre-basic and basic material

Except where crops are grown under insect-proof tunnels, crops must be separated from other Allium crops by a minimum distance of:
- 300 metres for varieties and generations listed in Category 1
- 100 metres for varieties and generations listed in Category 2

Category 1: Varieties that are susceptible to viruses, or which have been selected or regenerated and screened for OYDV and LYSV viruses.

Category 2: Varieties that are tolerant or immune to viruses and which are only screened for severe mosaic symptoms.

• Certified plants

Except where crops are grown under insect-proof tunnels, crops must be separated from other Allium crops by a minimum distance of:
- 100 metres for varieties and generations listed in Category 1
- 10 metres for varieties and generations listed in Category 2

Crop rotation

Only land that has not been cultivated with plants of the genus Allium in the last five years can be used for propagation.

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3. Strict inspections apply

14 producer farms, backed by a team of 13 technicians approved by the Official Inspection and Certification Body (SOC), carry out strict inspections at every stage of the production process.

Elisa tests for detecting viruses

Testing for nematodes

Inspection of propagation crops


fiche de notation de culture de plants

Click on the crop rating sheet to enlarge

Crop rating sheets are filled in with the follow-up information relating to crops: plot number, date of inspection, rating per criteria, classification, etc.

Applicable standards for crop classification

Percentage of plants that do not comply
with varietal characteristics or which present symptoms
(after purification)
F0 - F1 - F2F3 - F4 - F5Certified plants
Varietal purity
(% impurities)
0 %0 %
1 %
Mosaic virus
diseases (1)
0 %0,1 %1 %
White rot
Sclerotinium cepivorum
0 %0,1 %1 %
Nematodes
Ditylenchus dipsaci (2)
000

(1) all symptoms of mosaic virus infection by OYDV and LYSV for varieties and generations in Category 1 and severe forms of these diseases for varieties and generations in Category 2

(2) analytical tests are mandatory in order to check there is no contamination by nematodes

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4. Long-term inspections

Every year, producer farms (trial plot) and the SOC (crop inspection) grow a trial crop in order to check the identity, varietal purity and phytosanitary status (viral disease) of certified plants.

Batches presented for certification are checked

1 batch = 1 crop, 1 origin, 1 classification
Bulbs that are too small or damaged are removed. Batches that are sold must not contain more than 5% plants showing damage which might affect regrowth.

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