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A surprising choice of varieties

Over 25 varieties are available to amateur gardeners. These varieties are distinguished by their different characteristics: earliness, colour (bulbs and cloves), flavour and storage qualities.

Gardeners should choose varieties based on planting time, local climate and storage qualities.

Autumn planting garlic

This type of garlic includes extra early purple garlic (the external tunic is more or less coloured with purple stripes) and early white garlic.

Autumn planting garlic has large cloves and starts sprouting from the end of November. It can be planted from October to mid-December. This type of garlic is best planted early and eaten freshly picked. It can also be stored, as long as it is kept in a warm dry room, for instance in the kitchen.

Spring garlic

Spring garlic is in fact pink garlic: most of the time the pink hue is only visible once the cloves have been separated, as only the skin covering the cloves has that pink hue.

This type of garlic comes in ‘hardneck’ and ‘softneck’ varieties: the neck is in fact the flower scape which has gone hard in the centre of the cloves.

Spring garlic bulbs are smaller than Autumn garlic bulbs, and have a higher dormancy rate, which means that Spring garlic only starts sprouting from December. Which means that Spring garlic should be planted from December to the end of March.

Spring garlic only reaches full maturity in July. In Mediterranean regions, Spring garlic can be planted as early as November or December and is harvested 8 to 10 days earlier.

Pink garlic stores very well.

Varieties available to amateurs gardeners

Autumn-planted purple garlic
Autumn-planted white garlic
Garlic for Autumn and Spring planting (hardneck)
Spring-planted pink garlic (softneck)

Autumn-planted purple garlic

GERMIDOUR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Purple Cadours
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb with purple stripes (depending on region), brown cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Very early
  • Low dormancy

Applicant: : ALINEA SCA, GIE ACSO, BASMAISON, GIE CENTRE DROME, GIE DROMAIL, GIE DE LA REGION DE MONTELIMAR, GIE SUD DROME, TOP SEMENCE, GIE VAL DROME, ECHALAIL EARL, GIE UNISEM DROM, SEMPLUS SARL

PARADOUR   Breeder INRA, Agri Obtentions S.A.

  • Origin Parthenay
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Purple bulb or white with purple stripes (depending on region), brown cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Very early
  • Low dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE, GIE UNISEM DROM, GIE ACSO

PRIMOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Middle-East, with flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Purple bulb with stripes, pinkish-white cloves
  • Early autumn planting
  • Extra early
  • Very low dormancy

Applicant: : GIE UNISEM DROM

SPRINT   Breeder INRA

  • Origin asiatic, flower stem
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Stripy purple bulb, pinkish-white cloves
  • Early autumn planting
  • Extra early
  • Very low dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE

VALDOUR   Breeder Gie ACSO - INRA

  • Origin Purple Cadours
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Stripy purple bulb, brown cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Very early
  • Low dormancy

Applicant: : GIE ACSO, TOP SEMENCE

VAYO   Breeder TOP SEMENCE

  • Origin central Europ
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Stripy purple bulb, pinkish-white cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Mid-early
  • Medium dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE

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Autumn-planted white garlic

DARIO   Breeder TOP SEMENCE

  • Origin Argentina white garlic
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, white cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Medium dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE

JOLIMONT   Breeder DURAN SARL - SICALOMAIL

  • Origin White Lomagne
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, beige-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Mid-early
  • Medium dormancy

Applicant: : ALINEA SCA, TOP SEMENCE

MESSIDOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, cream-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : ALINEA SCA, GIE ACSO, TOP SEMENCE, GIE UNISEM DROM

MESSIDROME   Breeder INRA

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, cream-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : SEMPLUS SARL, GIE ACSO, BASMAISON, GIE CENTRE DROME, GIE DROMAIL, GIE DE LA REGION DE MONTELIMAR, GIE SUD DROME, TOP SEMENCE, GIE VAL DROME, ECHALAIL EARL

SABADROME   Breeder FRUIT'AIL EARL

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free not regenerated variety
  • White bulb, beige-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : FRUIT'AIL EARL, GIE UNISEM DROM

SABAGOLD   Breeder FRUIT'AIL EARL

  • Origine Blanc de la Drôme
  • Variété régénérée indemne du virus OYDV
  • Bulbe blanc jaunâtre, caïeu beige
  • Plantation automne
  • Précoce
  • Dormance moyenne

Applicant: : FRUIT'AIL EARL

THERADOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, beige-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : GIE UNISEM DROM

THERMIDROME   Breeder INRA

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free variety
  • White bulb, beige-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : GIE VAL DROME, BASMAISON, GIE CENTRE DROME, GIE DROMAIL, GIE SUD DROME, TOP SEMENCE, GIE DE LA REGION DE MONTELIMAR, GIE UNISEM DROM

TOPADROME   Breeder TOP SEMENCE

  • Origin White Drôme
  • OYVD virus-free variety
  • White bulb, cream-coloured cloves
  • Autumn planting
  • Early
  • Average dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE

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Garlic for Autumn and Spring planting (hardneck)

EDENROSE   Breeder INRA

  • Origin South America (type Lautrec pink garlic), flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free variety
  • White bulb, dark pink stripy cloves
  • Autunm/Winter planting, possibly as late as March
  • Mid-early
  • Average to high dormancy

Applicant: : ALINEA SCA

JARDIROSE   Breeder INRA

  • Origin South America (type Lautrec pink garlic), flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free variety
  • White bulb, beige-coloured cloves with anthocyanins
  • Autunm/Winter planting, possibly March
  • Mid-early
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : ALINEA SCA

SULTOP   Breeder TOP SEMENCE - INRA

  • Origin Italian Pink Garlic
  • OYVD virus-free variety
  • White bulb, dark pink stripy cloves
  • Autunm/Winter planting, possibly March
  • Mid-early
  • Average to high dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE, ALINEA SCA

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Spring-planted pink garlic (softneck)

ARNO   Breeder TOP SEMENCE

  • Origin Nothern Pink Garlic, no flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, beige brownish-coloured cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE, SEMPLUS SARL

CLEDOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Auvergne Pink Garlic, no flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, pinkish-beige coloured cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : GIE UNISEM DROM, AUVERGNE SEMENCES SARL

CRISTO   Breeder CTIFL

  • Origin Var Pink Garlic, no flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Mid-late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE

FLAVOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Italian Pink Garlic, no flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : AUVERGNE SEMENCES SARL, GIE UNISEM DROM

FRUCTIDOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Auvergne Pink Garlic
  • OYVD virus-free not regenerated variety
  • White bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Mid-late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : BASMAISON

GAYANT   Breeder Artois Bulbes

  • Origin Nothern Pink Garlic, no flower scape
  • OYVD virus-free not regenerated variety
  • White bulb, dark pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : ARTOIS-BULBES GIE

MOULINOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Var Pink Garlic
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Mid-late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : BASMAISON

PRINTANOR   Breeder INRA

  • Origin Auvergne Pink Garlic
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • Ivory bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Mid-late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : AUVERGNE SEMENCES SARL, BASMAISON, GIE UNISEM DROM, SEMPLUS SARL

VIVALTO   Breeder TOP SEMENCE

  • Origin Var Pink Garlic
  • OYVD virus-free regenerated variety
  • White bulb, light pink cloves
  • Spring planting, Winter planting in certain areas
  • Mid-late
  • High dormancy

Applicant: : TOP SEMENCE



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